GISGis Analysis

All About Pakistan: A Comprehensive Guide

Discover the diverse ,Pakistan population statistics,from arid deserts to fertile agricultural lands, along with its population of 225 million people. This article examines the challenges and opportunities facing this South Asian nation in sustainable resource management.

All About Pakistan: A Comprehensive Guide

Pakistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia that shares borders with India, Afghanistan, Iran, and China. With a population of over 225 million people, it is the fifth most populous country in the world. Pakistan is a diverse country with a rich history, culture, and natural beauty. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore all there is to know about Pakistan, from its history and culture to its geography and economy.

History of Pakistan

Pre-Independence Era

Pakistan has a rich and complex history that spans thousands of years. The region that is now Pakistan has been inhabited by various civilizations and empires, including the Indus Valley Civilization, the Mauryan Empire, and the Mughal Empire. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the British Empire established its rule over the Indian subcontinent, including present-day Pakistan.

Independence and Early Years

In 1947, Pakistan gained independence from British rule, with Muhammad Ali Jinnah becoming its first governor-general. The country was created as a homeland for Muslims in the Indian subcontinent, and its population consisted of Muslims from various regions of the subcontinent. However, the partition of India led to violence and the displacement of millions of people, causing lasting tensions between India and Pakistan.

Military Coups and Democracy

Since its independence, Pakistan has experienced a tumultuous political history, with a series of military coups and periods of democratic rule. The military has played a significant role in the country’s politics, and the civilian governments have struggled to establish stability and implement reforms. Despite these challenges, Pakistan has made significant progress in various areas, including education, healthcare, and infrastructure.

Current Political Climate

In recent years, Pakistan has witnessed a rise in political activism, with various opposition parties and civil society groups demanding accountability and reforms. The current government, led by Prime Minister Imran Khan, has promised to address corruption and improve governance, but it faces significant challenges, including an economic crisis and security threats from militant groups.

Geography and Climate

Physical Geography

Pakistan is a geographically diverse country, with a wide range of landscapes, from the snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas to the arid plains of Balochistan. The country is home to several rivers, including the Indus, which is one of the longest rivers in the world. The northern areas of Pakistan are home to several glaciers and high-altitude lakes, which attract tourists from all over the world.

Climate Zones

Pakistan has a varied climate, with five main climate zones: arid, semi-arid, subtropical, tropical, and alpine. The climate is influenced by the country’s geography, with the northern areas experiencing cold winters and mild summers, while the

southern regions are hot and humid throughout the year. The monsoon season, which usually starts in June and lasts until September, brings heavy rains to most parts of the country.

Natural Disasters

Pakistan is susceptible to various natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and landslides. In 2005, a massive earthquake struck northern Pakistan, killing over 73,000 people and leaving millions homeless. In 2010, the country experienced one of its worst floods in history, affecting over 20 million people and causing extensive damage to infrastructure and crops.

Culture and Traditions

Religion and Society

Pakistan is an Islamic country, with the majority of its population being Muslim. The country’s culture is deeply influenced by its religion, with Islamic values and traditions being an integral part of daily life. Pakistani society is also characterized by strong family ties and hospitality, with guests being treated with great respect and generosity.

Festivals and Celebrations

Pakistan has a rich cultural heritage, with a variety of festivals and celebrations throughout the year. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are two of the most important Islamic festivals, while other festivals, such as Basant and Holi, are also celebrated with great enthusiasm. The country’s national holiday, Pakistan Day, is celebrated on March 23rd every year, commemorating the Lahore Resolution of 1940.

Art and Literature

Pakistan has a vibrant art and literary scene, with a rich tradition of poetry, music, and visual arts. Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and is widely spoken and written. The country has produced many famous poets and writers, including Allama Iqbal, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, and Saadat Hasan Manto.

Sports and Recreation

Cricket is the most popular sport in Pakistan, with the national cricket team being one of the top teams in the world. Other popular sports include hockey, football, and squash. The country is also home to several national parks and nature reserves, providing opportunities for hiking, camping, and wildlife watching.

Economy and Development

Major Industries

Pakistan’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, with cotton being the country’s largest crop. Other major industries include textiles, cement, and petroleum. The country is also rich in mineral resources, including coal, natural gas, and copper.

Trade and Investment

Pakistan has a strategic location, linking South Asia to the Middle East and Central Asia. The country is a member of several regional and international organizations, including the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). The government has implemented several reforms to improve the business environment and attract foreign investment.

Economic Challenges

Pakistan faces several economic challenges, including high inflation, a large fiscal deficit, and a high debt burden. The government has implemented several measures to address these challenges, including a comprehensive economic reform program and austerity measures.

Tourism in Pakistan

Top Tourist Destinations

Pakistan has a wealth of natural and cultural attractions, making it an increasingly popular tourist destination. Some of the top tourist destinations in Pakistan include the ancient city of Lahore, the Karakoram Highway, the Hunza Valley, and the Chitral region.

Adventure Tourism

Pakistan is a haven for adventure seekers, with opportunities for trekking, mountaineering, and rock climbing. The country is home to several of the world’s highest peaks, including K2 and Nanga Parbat.

Cultural Tourism

Pakistan has a rich cultural heritage, with several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the ancient city of Taxila, the historic fort of Rohtas, and the Moghal Gardens of Lahore. Visitors can also experience the country’s vibrant music, dance, and cuisine.

Pakistan population statistics

Pakistan is a country located in South Asia with a land area of approximately 881,913 square kilometers. It shares its borders with Afghanistan to the northwest, Iran to the southwest, India to the east, and China to the northeast. As of 2021, Pakistan has an estimated population of around 225 million people, ranking it as the fifth most populous country globally.

Land Use:

The land use in Pakistan is diverse, ranging from heavily forested areas to arid deserts. Forest cover in Pakistan constitutes only 2.5 percent of the total land area. Most of the forests are concentrated in the northern parts of the country, particularly in the mountainous regions. The depletion of forests is a major environmental issue in Pakistan, caused by deforestation and illegal logging.

Agriculture is one of the main sources of livelihood for the majority of the rural population in Pakistan. The fertile lands in Punjab and Sindh provinces make these regions the country’s agricultural heartland, where wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, maize, and vegetables are grown. Recently, Pakistan has been focusing more on cultivating high-value crops, such as fruits, vegetables, and flowers, in response to the rising demand for exports.

Although Pakistan has great potential in agriculture, the country faces several challenges in this sector, including water scarcity and soil degradation. Rapid urbanization and industrialization have also led to the conversion of agricultural land into non-agricultural uses, resulting in declining agricultural productivity across the country

Another significant land use in Pakistan is grazing land, which covers about 18 percent of the total land area. Livestock rearing is an essential part of the economy, particularly in the arid and semi-arid regions of Balochistan and Sindh provinces.

Land Cover:

Pakistan’s land cover comprises a combination of natural features and human-made structures.The northern regions of Pakistan are dominated by the Himalayan and Karakoram ranges, which are covered with snow and glaciers throughout the year. These regions are home to some of the world’s highest peaks, including K2, the second-highest mountain in the world.

ProvinceArea (km2)
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa101,741
Azad Jammu & Kashmir13,297
Islamabad Capital Territory906
Federal Administered Tribal Areas*27,220

In 2018, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) were merged with the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan

The Indus River, which is one of the world’s longest rivers, flows through Pakistan from the northern Himalayas to the Arabian Sea in the south. The river is a source of water for irrigation, hydropower generation, and domestic consumption.

The Thar Desert, located in the southern province of Sindh, is one of the largest deserts in the world. The desert covers an area of about 175,000 square kilometers and is home to several indigenous communities that have adapted to its harsh environmental conditions.

Pakistan’s coastal areas along the Arabian Sea cover a distance of approximately 1,050 kilometers. The coastal region of Pakistan is known for its sandy beaches, mangrove forests, and coral reefs. Fishing is a significant economic activity in this region, and it is also a hub of international trade due to the presence of the Karachi Port.

Urbanization has also led to the development of various human-made land cover features such as roads, buildings, and infrastructure. The major cities of Pakistan, including Karachi, Lahore, and Islamabad, have witnessed rapid growth in recent years, leading to the development of new residential and commercial areas.


Currently, Pakistan’s population is estimated to be around 225 million people, making it the fifth most populous country in the world. Population density differs across various regions of the country, with the Punjab province having the highest population density.

Pakistan is a young nation, with almost 64 percent of the population under the age of 30. The majority of the population lives in rural areas, with only 36 percent residing in urban centers.

Pakistan’s population growth rate has declined gradually over the past few decades, but it still remains among the highest in the world. The rapid population growth rate has caused significant strain on Pakistan’s resources, especially in terms of water and land.

Pakistan Provinces Population (2022)

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa32,810,849
Azad Jammu and Kashmir4,563,523
Islamabad Capital Territory2,370,344
Federally Administered Tribal AreasNo official census data available



Pakistan is a country with a rich history and culture, a diverse landscape, and a growing economy. Despite facing several challenges, the country has made significant progress in recent years, with improvements in infrastructure, education, and healthcare. Pakistan has a lot to offer visitors, from stunning natural landscapes to vibrant cities and cultural attractions. Whether you are an adventure seeker, a history buff, or simply looking for a unique travel experience, Pakistan is a destination worth considering.


  1. What is the official language of Pakistan?
  • Urdu is the national language of Pakistan, but English is also widely spoken and used in business and government.
  1. Is Pakistan a safe country for tourists?
  • While there are security concerns in some parts of Pakistan, the overall risk level for tourists is considered low. Visitors should exercise caution and follow local guidelines and advice.
  1. What is the currency of Pakistan?
  • The official currency of Pakistan is the Pakistani rupee.
  1. What are some popular dishes in Pakistan?
  • Some popular Pakistani dishes include biryani, kebabs, and curry.
  1. When is the ideal time to visit Pakistan?
  • The best time to visit Pakistan depends on the region and activities you are interested in. Generally, the best time to visit is from October to March, when the weather is cool and dry. However, some areas are best visited during the summer months.

Read More

What is GIS? 

How to install pgAdmin 4 in Ubuntu for PostGIS

How to perform a space join in PostGIS 

How to read GIS files with Geopandas


I'm Syed Inzamam Ul Hassan,Through This website, i hope to inspire other GIS students to pursue their passion for geography and data analysis and to contribute to the field by applying their skills to real-world problems.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button

Adblock Detected

kindly Disable Your Adblocker First